A Trial of Doxycycline vs. Standard Supportive Therapy in Newly-diagnosed Cardiac AL Amyloidosis Patients Undergoing Bortezomib-based Therapy | oneAMYLOIDOSISvoice

Un ensayo de doxiciclina frente a la terapia de apoyo estándar en pacientes con amiloidosis AL cardíaca recién diagnosticada que se someten a una terapia basada en bortezomib

información clave

ID de estudio #: NCT03474458

condición: Cardiac AL Amyloidosis

Estado: Reclutamiento


Las amiloidosis sistémicas son enfermedades raras que afectan aproximadamente a 1 de cada 100,000 personas cada año.

In systemic amyloidoses abnormal proteins deposit in bodily organs and severely impair their function, causing death if not treated effectively. Light chain (AL) amyloidosis is caused by a usually small population of plasma cells (the cells that produce antibodies). These cells produce part of antibodies, the light chains (LC) that form amyloid deposits. Almost every organ, with the exception of the brain, can be affected by AL amyloidosis. The heart is involved in three fourths of patients and is responsible for almost all the deaths occurring in the first 6 months after diagnosis. Current therapy of AL amyloidosis is based on drugs targeting the plasma cells producing the amyloid-forming LC. At present, most patients receive a powerful anti-plasma cell drug, bortezomib, as part of their initial treatment. However, bortezomib-based therapy, can improve heart involvement only in less than one third of patients with AL amyloidosis, and many patients (approximately one third) still die within 12 months from diagnosis. Early cardiac deaths remain an acute unmet need and the major determinant of overall outcome in this disease. Thus, there is the need of alternative means to treat heart involvement in AL amyloidosis. Doxycycline is a widely used, well tolerated, antibiotic that has been marketed for decades and used to treat a number of different infectious diseases caused by bacteria. This molecule has been extensively studied in the laboratory, in animal models and, more recently, in small studies involving patients, for its potential of improving cardiac damage in amyloidosis. These studies showed that doxycycline disrupts amyloid deposits, reduces the amyloid load in a mouse model, and counteracts the toxicity exerted by amyloid-forming LCs on C. elegans, a worm whose pharynx is used as a model resembling human heart. In a small clinical study, doxycycline was given to patients with cardiac AL amyloidosis during treatment for their underlying plasma cell disease. This resulted in a remarkable improvement of survival compared to “matched historical controls” (i.e. similar patients who had received only anti-plasma cell therapy without doxycycline in the past). Based on these promising preliminary results, we designed the present clinical trial to assess whether the addition of doxycycline to anti-plasma cell therapy can improve survival in patients with cardiac AL amyloidosis who were not previously treated. The rate of survival at 12 months will be compared in patients receiving doxycycline and in controls receiving standard antibiotic therapy, together with anti-plasma cell therapy. Patients will be assessed for parameters of plasma cell disease, heart involvement and possible involvement of other organs, as well as for quality of life. To make sure that patients who will receive doxycycline and those who will not have comparable severity of cardiac disease, patients will be stratified according to the stage of cardiac involvement. Patients with very advanced heart dysfunction will not be enrolled in the trial, because preliminary data indicate that doxycycline is of little or no benefit in these subjects. Patients will be randomized to receive doxycycline or standard antibiotics in combination with anti-plasma cell therapy. Bortezomib-based treatment directed against plasma cells will be delivered according to each participating institutions’ guidelines. Doxycycline will be administered at a dosage of 100 mg two times a day, which is usual in the treatment of bacterial diseases. Standard antibiotics will be delivered according to each participating institutions’ guidelines (provided that drugs of the same class as doxycycline are not administered) in the control arm. Patients will be provided a diary to record possible adverse events and will be instructed accordingly. Patients will be evaluated at trial centers every 2 months for treatment efficacy and toxicity. In case of unsatisfactory response second-line therapy will be initiated.

intervención: Doxycycline, Standard of care therapy

Resultados: https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/results/NCT03474458

última actualización: 17 de Septiembre de 2021

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